Students investigate how people change the natural environment in Australia and other places around the world. They also explore how the environment influences the human characteristics of places. Students examine ways people influence the characteristics of places, including the management of spaces. Students explore the impact bushfires have on Australian people, places and environments and propose ways people can reduce the impact of bushfires in the future.
- Place: the significance of places and what they are like. For example: places students live in and belong to and why they are important.
- Space: the significance of location and spatial distribution, and ways people organise and manage the spaces that we live in. For example: location of a place in relation to other familiar places.
- Environment: the significance of the environment in human life, and the important interrelationships between humans and the environment. For example, how and why places should be looked after.
- Interconnection: no object of geographical study can be viewed in isolation. For example: local and global links people have with places and the special connection Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples maintain with Country/Place.
- Scale: the way that geographical phenomena and problems can be examined at different spatial levels. For example: various scales by which places can be defined such as local suburbs, towns and large cities.
- Sustainability: the capacity of the environment to continue to support our lives and the lives of other living creatures into the future. For example: ways in which people, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, use and protect natural resources; differing views about environmental sustainability; sustainable management of waste.
- Change: explaining geographical phenomena by investigating how they have developed over time. For example:changes to environmental and human characteristics of places.
- describes the diverse features and characteristics of places and environments
- explains interactions and connections between people, places and environments
- compares and contrasts influences on the management of places and environments
- acquires, processes and communicates geographical information using geographical tools for inquiry
Acquiring geographical information
- develop geographical questions to investigate and plan an inquiry
- collect and record relevant geographical data and information, using ethicalprotocols, from primary data and secondaryinformation sources, for example, by observing, by interviewing, conducting surveys, or using maps, visual representations, statistical sources and reports, the media or the internet
Processing geographical information
- evaluate sources for their usefulness
- represent data in different forms, for example plans, graphs, tables, sketches and diagrams
- represent different types of geographical information by constructing maps that conform to cartographic conventions using spatialtechnologies as appropriate
- interpret geographical data and information, using digital and spatialtechnologies as appropriate, and identify spatial distributions, patterns and trends, and infer relationships to draw conclusions
- present findings and ideas in a range of communication forms as appropriate
- reflect on their learning to propose individual and collective action in response to a contemporary geographical challenge and describe the expected effects of their proposal on different groups of people
- large-scale maps, small-scale maps, sketch maps, political maps, topographic maps, flowline maps
- maps to identify location, latitude, direction, distance, map references, spatial distributions and patterns
- observing, measuring, collecting and recording data, conducting surveys or interviews
- fieldwork instruments such as measuring devices, maps, photographs, compasses, GPS
Graphs and statistics
- pictographs, data tables, column graphs, line graphs, climate graphs
- multiple graphs on a geographical theme
- statistics to find patterns
- virtual maps, satellite images, GPS
- photographs, aerial photographs, illustrations, flow diagrams, annotated diagrams, multimedia, web tools